The ephemeris of October 12: What happened on a day like today in Guatemala and the world?

On October 12, but in 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Guanahaní, which he called San Salvador, and discovered America. On the other hand, on October 12, 1825, the Battle of Sarandi took place, in which the Uruguayans defeated the Brazilians.

Also on October 12, 1847, the telecommunications company Siemens AG was founded in Berlin. In 1923, the Costa Rican Academy of Language was founded and in 1925 the Mexican University of Guadalajara was inaugurated.

In addition, on October 12, but in 1927, the Dominican Academy of Language was founded. On October 12, 1931, the statue of Christ was inaugurated on Corcovado Mountain (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).

Events
Photograph by Charles Mackay at Pixabay, used for illustrative purposes.
This note may also interest you: Night visits to the Virgin of the Rosary: dates, schedule and how to attend.

An October 12, 1964:
1964. The Soviet Union launches three cosmonauts into space on the Vosjod-1, the first spacecraft with capacity for more than one crew member.

1968. Opening of the XIX Olympic Games in Mexico.

1973. Perón assumes his third presidency in Argentina.

1984. British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher escapes unharmed from an IRA attack on the Grand Hotel in Brighton.

1988. Steve Jobs launches NeXT Computer, his first computer without Apple.

More history-making events
On October 12, 1990, Bolivia and Paraguay join the Rio Group. While in 1999, the UN calculates that on this date the 6 billionth inhabitant of the Earth is born.

On the other hand, on October 12, but in 2000, the Chinese playwright Gao Xingjian, exiled in France, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 2002, an attack by the jihadist group Jemaa Islamiya in a discotheque in Bali (Indonesia) left 202 people dead.

In 2007, former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. On October 12, 2010, the first video game developed in Latin America, “Lucha Libre AAA: heroes of the ring” is launched; and in 2017, the U.S. leaves Unesco, a decision seconded by Israel.

Characters who were born on October 12
1798. Pedro I, emperor of Brazil.

1934. Richard Alan Meier, American architect.

1935. Luciano Pavarotti, Italian tenor.

1949. Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, Venezuelan terrorist known as “Carlos” or “Chacal”.

1950. Paul Otellini, American, CEO of Intel.

1968. Hugh Jackman, Australian actor.

Which personalities died one day?
1492. Piero della Francesca, Italian painter.

1870. Robert Edward Lee, “General Lee”, U.S. military officer.

1924. Anatole France, French writer.

1996. René Lacoste, French tennis player and businessman.

1997. John Denver, American country singer.

1999. Wilt Chamberlain, American basketball player.

2002. Ray Conniff, U.S. composer and conductor.

2005. Gazi Kanaan, Syrian Interior Minister.

2007. Carlos Victoria, Cuban writer.

2013. Oscar Hijuelos, Cuban-born American writer and Pulitzer Prize-winner.

2020. Conchata Ferrell, American actress.

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